See Chapter 21.16
[TBA: We have seen photos of a number of suction instruments with the Moore & Moore label]
Off 357 Coldharbour Lane, Brixton, London. See RFG-6222.
A number of instruments are now known from this maker: *e0276, 16 stops low top; *e9046, 16 stops low top. These both look like work of another maker, more informatino TBA.
P.A. Normans, West of England Pianoforte Saloons, 16 Albert Road, Morice Town, Devonport.
A reed organ by Normans was for sale on e-Bay, Oct'2005. It has a somewhat ``primitive'' case style, with some similarity to styling on Stevens instruments.
Thomas Oetzmann of London also made harmoniums, so information about the firm is provided in a previous chapter 21.24.
Ian Thompson sent me the following specification of a typical Oetzmann suction instrument which he had seen in a church in Cornwell, N.W. Oxfordshire in 1977. Stops: Bass Coupler, Sub Bass 16, Dulcet 8, Diapason Bass 8, Vox Humana, Diapason Treble 8, Dulciana 8, Celeste 8, Oboe 8, Treble Coupler.
The Orchestrelle Co. was formed in Sept'1899 from the original firm of Geo. Whight and Co. Aeolian was an American company based in New York, but also had registered premises in London. The Orchestrelle Co., originally at 225 Regent Street, London moved to Aeolian Hall, 135-7 New Bond Street when they merged. In 1911 they had a factory in Hayes, Middlesex. See Chapter 27.16.
Aeolian was a large company who had absorbed several other producers. They produced the largest and the best self playing reed organs of their kind with many unique functions and often pipes too. An example was the Aeolian Orchestrelle. They also made Gregorian organs (Vocalions) and were associated with the Mechanical Orguinette Co.
A 1 manual Gregorian appeared for sale on the Web site of Cambridge Reed Organs in Jan'2004. Its specification is with C compass, 6 ranks bass, 5 ranks treble as follows: Octave Coupler, Subbass 16', Eolian Forte, Eolian Harp 2', Principal 4', Bourdon Bass 16', Open Diapason 8', Stopped Diapason 8', Melodia 8', Open Diapason 8', Bourdon Treble 16', Violina 4', Trumpet 8', Bourdon Forte, Vox Humana, Forte.
A 2MP Gregorian was in the Fluke collection in 2007. It was noted as a Style 75 no.5167 and built in 1908. Its walnut case measured 86-1/2'' x57'' x121'' and it had a pipe top. The two manuals were typically of 58 notes each with a 30 note flat pedalboard. The stops were: Principal 4', Aeoline 8', Violin Diapason 8', Stopp'd Diapason 16', Open Dble Diapason 16', Double Dolce 16', Swell to Pedal, Great to Pedal, Open Diapason 8', Trumpet 8', Dulciana 8', Harmonic Flute 4', Melodia 8', Swell to Great, Tremulant, Swell to Great Octave, Bellows Signal.
The instrument was tuned to A438 and supplied with wind from an electric blower at 2-1/4'' WG
Piano and reed organ maker of 5 Phoenix Place, Mount Pleasant, London.
William Thomas Payne was a piano, harmonium and American organ manufacturer of 101-3 Approach Road, London NE and later 208 Hoe Street, Walthamstow from c.1860. In 1899 he was listed at 4 The Parade, Churchfield Road West, Acton, London W. By 1921 the firm were only making pianos. Not this is not the same company as T.G. (or T&G) Payne.
Only one organ by Thomas Pear is known, but it was a 2MP reed organ sold by Hickie and Hickie of Reading. Pear worked at Carlton Street, Cheltenham.
Rowland Lee had one briefly and told me the following story: Before moving to Lincolnshire from Surrey in 1984, I acquired, gratis, two very damaged organs from a dealer who was about to burn them. One was a small Alexandre and the other was by T. Pear. Until I discovered your Web site I was unable to discover any other reference to this maker. On arrival here these instruments and some others including a Broadwood piano of 1827 were stored in the stable block. Unfortunately, during the terrible storms of 1987, the upper floor of this building collapsed in on itself, crushing most of the contents beyond redemption and, months later, when the insurance company and local authorities granted access to the unsafe building, water and mould had reduced what was left to a sorry mess. I could not even salvage the nameplate of the Pear organ, which I had unfortunately not photographed. I recall that the Pear organ was very simply and cheaply constructed, one manual, with simple ``veneered plank'' ends screwed directly onto the front and back boards, and a simple interior with 2-1/2 rows of reeds. Somewhat at odds with this was the name, which was inlaid in blonde wood on a black background and was decorated with a small (1-1/2'' diameter) very Edwardian looking marquetry roundel of (I believe) a conch shell. I always felt that Mr. Pear was probably a dealer who had bought the interior of the organ from a supply house and had cased it himself. I very much regret the destruction of this instrument ...
Of High Street, Crewe. No further information available.
Graham Porter was an American organ and harmonium manufacturer of 165 High Road, Lee, London SE.
Francis Powell was a piano, American organ and harmonium maufacturer of 47-8 George Street, Euston Square, London NW. He moved after 1906 to 48 George Street.
John William Punter and Co. also traded as The Bristol Organ Co. and were manufacturers of American organs and the ``Bristol Organ''. Stadon and Punter, musical instrument dealers, are also recorded at the same address. Phil Fluke's brochure has the address given as J.W. Punter and Co. American and Bristol Organ Manufacturers, 2 Old Market Street, Bristol, England. Punters also had a factory at 120 High Street, Staple Hill, Bristol.
Thanks to Paul Townsend for citing me and for posting a photo of the Market Street shop on Flickr, https://www.flickr.com/photos/brizzlebornandbred/8038648439.
They were advertising in 1887 as: PUNTER'S - Bristol ORGANS for Cottage, Church, Mansion, £5 to £100; Stops, two Knee swells, £14 Me; 6a monthly... STADON & PUNTER for PIANOFORTES. - Cheapest Manufacturers in the West of England - Old Market Street.
As announced in the London Gazette of 15/5/1896, the partnership was dissolved as follows Notice is hereby given, that the Partnership heretofore subsisting between us the undersigned Alfred Stadon and John William Punter carrying on business as Musical Instrument Makers at 2 Old Market-Street in the city and county of Bristol and 1 Broad-Street Staple-Hill in the county of Gloucester under the style or firm of Stadon and Punter was dissolved as and from the 11th day of May 1896 by mutual consent. - Dated the 11th day of May 1896. Alfred Stadon and John William Punter.
They at one time claimed to be the largest manufacturers in the West of England - which was probably not too hard as most were in London.
The different small models offered by Punters included:
It is believed that A. Stadon was born c.1842 in Bath. In the 1881 census he is recorded as a harmonium finisher and married (c.1869?). He was then living as the head of his family at 113 Barrow Lane East, Bristol and may have died in Cardiff c.1914. J.W. Punter may have been somewhat younger and born in Malmesbury, Wiltshire or Easington, Gloucestershire in 1860.
I was contacted in Oct'2017 by Ian Maule, who was doing research into his family history. This is what he told me: John William Punter was born in 1860. His parents were William Punter, a coal miner, and Mary Taylor. Mary happens to be my 2nd cousin 3rd removed. The 1881 census for Mangotsfield has the Punter family living at Mangotsfield Common. John Punter is shown as a pianoforte tuner. John is noted as being born in Mangotsfield, but an earlier census of 1861 states Pucklechurch, Glos.
It is thought that the Punters lived for a long time at Hill House, Hill House Road, Staple Hill (entry in Kelly's Directory, 1935).
There exist historic photographs of Bristol city centre showing the premises of Stadon and Punter in Market Street. The precise date is not known, but it appears to have been a time of national celebrations.
ROS DB entry 736 - 2M
This is a 2 manual American organ with key range FFF-f'' with foot treadles, knee swells but no pedals.
Swell: Great: Gamba Bass Coupler Dulcet Diapason Manual Coupler Piano Principal Treble Coupler Gamba Piano Principal Principal
This stop list looks rather strange (maybe because there are three stops on the right and left cheek of each manual?).
Ian Thompson's Stadon and Punter harmonium
Ian said: The second two [photos] are of a Stadon and Punter (Bristol) with 8' and 4' split bass and treble at B/c in front, and at the back a 20 note set in the bass, the seven notes f-b being at 8' and the rest (c-c) at 16' pitch and then a tenor-treble set of 41 8' reeds, c#-f, and of course (!) bass and treble couplers. The reeds are about 0.087" thick, with a very slight rounding-off of the top edges, and therefore hard to replace, since most standard scale RO reeds are either 0.09" or 0.10'' thick - except for Estey and M&H at 0.095". These reeds are very loud and slightly coarse in tone and somehow don't seem to be American or Canadian. Wonder whether they're of British or German make? Next time I look at an Imperial I'll check whether they use similar reeds. Many stop faces are un-original, so a stop list won't help.
The only other [Stadon and] Punters I've seen are in Bristol Museum.
The story of Archibald Ramsden of Leeds and his involvement in harmonium development (several patents) and manufacture is covered in Chapter 21. We recently found an advertisement for a suction instrument said to be by Ramsden and sold via Ryalls and Jones Ltd. of Birkenhead.
See Chapter 13.
Joseph Reyner of 21 Woodhouse Lane, Leeds (now a main road in Leeds city centre) was an American organ maker.
The firm was probably founded by Joseph Riley in 1851 and by 1880 was at 20b-c Constitution Hill, Birmingham. They were listed as manufacturers, importers and dealers and also had premises at 25 Constitution Hill and 30 Corporation Street up to around 1906. Henry Riley and Sons Ltd. were still listed at 23-25 Constitution Hill in 1921. W. Joseph Riley was also listed at 56-58 Corporation Street and Martineau Street, Birmingham c.1906.
There are a number of instruments still existing with the Riley label. In addition to harmoniums listed separately there are the following suction organs.
This instrument appeared on e-Bay *9200 in Dec'2011 and was located in Kent. It carries the name of Joseph Riley and Sons and serial number 22282 and measures 31'' x34'' x13''.
Information was sent to me by Philip Davey in Nov'2012 about a very un-usual 3MP organ which carries the label of W.T. Roberts & Son, Luton.
DBOB ref.3105 notes that W.T. Roberts was a reed organ builder located at 44 Church Street, Luton. Nothing more is known about this firm, except that they may possibly have later been musical instrument dealers and sold gramophones. Please can anyone help?
However there may be no connection with the later firm operating from 34 Castle Steet selling gramophonees and records under their own label advertising ``Gramophones, Records, Radio and Everything Musical - every Instrument Sold by W.T. Roberts & Son is thoroughly tested.'' This was Harold William Roberts who leased the premises for 14 years from 25/3/1956. The company was incorporated 2/5/1957. Stanley Crawley Roberts was a partner but was killed when kockned down by a motor-car 12/1/1939. We do not know if they were descended from the original W.T. Roberts.
So it is not clear who built this very interesting instrument. Based on similarities in the casework and general style, it could be by the Thomas Organ Co. of Canada 24.7 as it is known some of their larger instruments were sold in the UK, e.g. by Riley. Rodney Jantzi has send me more information which may eventually help with the identification.
The specification is as follows (stop names are hard to read from the photos).
3x 61 note manuals CC-c''' 30 pedal board, flat radiating inwards Swell Organ: Pedal Organ: Tremulant ??? Vox Humana 16' ??? Oboe 8' ??? Voix Celeste 8' ??? Stop Diapason 16' ??? Bassoon 16' Clarion 8' Great Organ: Piccolo 4' Choir Super Octave (?) Great Super Octave Couplers: Dolce 16' (?) Great to Pedals Diapason 8' Swell to Pedals ??? Swell to Great Double Diapason 16' Dulciana (?) Choir Organ: ??? Clarionet 16' (?) ??? Dulciana 8' Flute 4' other devices not visible in photo
There was also Alfred G. Roberts at Laxon Street, Long Lane, Bermondsey, London active during 1848-78.
See Chapter 19.
See Chapter 14.
See Chapter 15.
Scott started making American organs around 1882 but later became a piano dealer. Scott had premises at 90 Blatchington Road, Brighton then at 143-5 Church Road and 10-11 George Street.
The firm was known as Scott and Co. for part of its period and had connections to Colclough.
Edward Senior and Sons of Saltcoats, Ayr, Scotland. This was a previously unknown manufacturer. A small instrument, with numbers 1252 and 0405 stamped on the reverse, appeared on e-Bay in Dec'2006. I asked the seller more about it. It is in working order and measures 4'2'' x3'2'' x1'3''. Senior's name is written on both the left and right hand side of the organ. In the middle of the organ above the keys were two words which are now hard to make out. We think the first word is about 10 letters long. The first 2 can't be made out and then it ends in ``NASLEIGH'' and the second word is around 5 letters long but can't be made out. This could be ``Endsleigh Organ'' which would suggest that it was actually made by Humphreys. Any further information is of course welcome.
An organ is known carrying the Sherwin name plate J.C. Sherwin and Sons, established 1855, Hanley. It is quite likely that the Sherwins were dealers rather than manufacturers.
See Avill 22.5 and Smart and also Grover 20.71.
Robert Smith was an American organ maker who traded as Smith and Co. later in 1900. He was based at 107 Tottenham Road, Balls Pond Road, London N from 1884.
American organ and Harmonium manufacturer of 168 St. John's Street, Clerkenwell, London EC.
Edward (b.1840) and William (b.1841) Snell made the Albany Organ and were in business from at least 1864 until they finally closed in 1907. More information about the company is given in 21.59.
Gill Eyers' Snell or Imperial 2MP/8
This instrument carries a Snell Brothers, London name plate. It was purchased by Mr. Eyers, Gill's father, from the Imperial Organ and Piano Company Ltd., Hackney, in 1935. Gill noted that the original receipt is still with the organ.
I am now wondering if this is a very early Imperial organ, or actually built by the Snell Brothers. The latter seems possible as there was little overlap between the two companies and I believe it may have been a re-conditioned earlier instrument.
2x 61-note manuals CC-c''' compass 18-note pedalboard Swell: Great: Viola 4' Diapason 8' Gamba 8' Dulciana 8' Tremolo Clarinet 16' Voix Celeste 8' Flute 4' Bourdon 16' Swell to Great Bourdon Pedals 16' Super Octave Coupler Great to Pedal Swell to Pedal electric blower
Albert Halls 2MP/12
Albert Halls of Brentwood wrote a letter to the editor of Musical Opinion in Jan'1937  in which he notes the compact size of his 2MP Snell reed organ. He said it was obtained re-built as new for 50 guineas and was slightly narrower and only 1/2'' deeper than his piano.To achieve this Snells had used sticker action for the Swell manual pushing up the pallets above. Sets of reeds were arranged in three pairs, one above the other and each having its own swell shutter. The Great action was of the conventional American organ type.
Swell: Great: Bourdon 16' Double Diapason 16' Gedackt 8' Diapason 8' Gamba 8' Dulciana 8' Voix Celeste 8' Viol d'Amour 8' Principal 4' Octave 4' Fifteenth 2' Tremulant Couplers: Pedal: Swell to Great Open Bass 16' Swell to Pedal Bourdon 16' (derived) Great to Pedal two composition pedals to Swell and Great lever action swell pedal Rockingham blower with 1/4~HP motor
Halls noted that the build up is excellent and the full Swell (6 ranks) quite thrilling. The Pedal bass also comes through clearly and has prompt speech. The Great Octave is very bright.
See Chapter 16.2.
See Chapter 17.
The database of British organ builders lists one F.C. Stevens of 7 Green Street, Cambridge Heath (?) as a reed organ builder from 1900-12 and R.F. Stevens as an organ builder who retired in 1910 - as far as we know they were not related. For information on instruments by R.F. Stevens see Chapter 18.
It is certain that F.C. Stevens did make some portable reed organs. It appears that these were rather simple, but with a high standard of casework. This one, which had been in a loft on Canvey Island for some 40 years, was for sale as e-Bay item *2774 in Feb'2010.
See Chapter 18.
John Strong and Sons patent Insect Proof Organ ``London - The export model'', 50 Seymour St., Euston Sqare, London. According to Bill Kibby, the original firm was established in 1851, probably by David Strong, then John followed. Around 1889, it became John Strong and Sons, and after the 1914 war, they disappeared, but may have become Strong and Jackson.
A Glasgow manufacturer of cheaper free reed instruments.
See Chapter 16.4.
Joseph Wallis founded this company in 1848 and was succeeded by his son James and later by H.E.H. Standish and George Wallis as head of the firm. For more information see Chapter 21.74.
This one is a small suction instrument.
Here is a somewhat larger one advertised in Jan'2013 from a vendor in Milton Keynes.
A small suction organ appeared on e-Bay Jan'2008. It looks to be a fairly late one.
A single rank instrument in very poor condition was advertised on e-Bay, *6350 in St. Neots, Mar'2013.
This one was advertised in Rotherham, June 2013. It carries metal plaques denoting some of its history.
Presented to ??? ??? ??? Sunday School March 23 1904 This Organ was transferred from The Crescent Church, Spalding 11th December 1955 Members of the Congregation found Interferring with this Organ will be Severely Reprimanded and Forbidden to Practice with the Choristers Reverend T.~Hardie ??? November 1871
This one with an oak case was advertised in Dec'2013 and said to have been used in a church in Carlisle. It measures 46'' x23'' x48'' and was originally sold by Charles Thurnam a & Sons, Carlisle; the company still exists and is listed as printers and office equipment suppliers.
I contacted the seller and was told that the 16 stops are as follow: Forte, Bass Coupler, Harp Aolian, Principal, Sub Bass, Diapason 8', Dulcet 8', Vox Humana, Echo 8', Melodia 8', Voix Celeste 8', Dulciana, Flute, Saxophone, Treble Coupler, Forte. It also has 2x knee swells.
This firm of Grantham is mentioned by Elvin  as being mainly concerned with pianos and reed organs. I was sceptical about this for a long time, but finally a nice-looking and obviously well made instrument appeared for sale on e-Bay in Dec'2006, albeit located in Hagen, Germany.
It has an F compass, and we estimate the stops are: Bass Coupler, Principal, ???, ???, Vox Humana, Echo, Melodia, Voix Celeste, Treble Coupler, Forte.
Frank Whitefield was a manufacturer of small portable reed organs in Brighton, Sussex.
John Whitelock was an organ builder of Old Row and later Ridge View, Armley, Leeds (neither address now exists). From 1851 he traded as J. Whitelock and Son and then the firm was known as W. Whitelock from 1857. William Whitelock was a piano, harmonium, American organ and pipe builder. The name is confusing, because although they were Whitelock and Son in 1911 and 1928, they were just listed as W.R. Whitelock in 1899 and 1914. We assume this is the same firm. The Whitelocks seem to have become a limited company around the twenties and disappeared after the 1939 war. Their paperwork doesn't describe them as makers, they were dealers and probably put their name to pianos bought in from anonymous wholesalers, so any clues to origin will be hidden inside. There was also a John Lupton Whitelock working as an organ builder in Armley around 1857-63 who may have been another of John's sons.
This company had premises at Phoenix Works, Boleyn Road, Dalston Junction, London. Also moved to 2A Wiesbaden Road, Stoke Newington, London. There is some possible relationship to Ingleton and Co.
Edmund Whomes produced instruments to accompany silent films, see Section 25.6.
Williams was a reed organ builder of 255 Caledonian Rd. London with a factory at Milton Yard, Cloudesley Place, London, and 123 Parchmore Road, Thornton Heath.
Herbert Williams of Rheidol Mews, Rheidol Terrace, Islington manufactured American organs at 37 Shepperton Street, New North Road, London NW.
London Gazette 11/1/1878: A First and Final Dividend of 3d in the pound has been declared in the matter of Alfred Zawadski, of 52A, Essex Road, Islington, and 29, Camden Road, Camden Town, in the county of Middlesex. American Organ Manufacturer, trading under the style or firm of A. Zawadski and Co. adjudicated bankrupt on the 10th day of September, 1875, and will be paid by me, at the offices of James and warts, no.110 Cannon Street, in the city of London, on and after the 14th day of Jauuary, 1878. Dated this 8th day of January, 1878. A.A. James, Trustee.
This organ was for sale c. 1974. It was claimed to have 579 reeds (10 ranks) and individual ``Flugh'' voicing. It was from Queen Mary's Hospital, Roehampton, London SW15
Swell: Great: Bourdon 16' Trombone 16' Melodia 8' Diapason 8' Saliante 8' Dulciana 8' Vox Humana Principal 4' Forte Forte Flute 4' Aeolian Harp 8' Couplers: Pedal: Bass Coupler Sub Bass 16' Treble Coupler Great to Pedal Swell to Great
[Of course this list could just be mixed up and its another University Organ ?]