Computer systems at Daresbury over the Years

Table D lists some of the computer systems which have been used for research work at Daresbury Laboratory.

Table 2: Significant Computer Systems at Daresbury Laboratory
Item Make Dates installed at DL procs and speed memory total MFlop/s *
0 Ferranti Atlas (RAL) 1964-   256 kB 1 MIP/s
1 IBM 1800 1966-      
2 IBM 360/50 1966-      
3 IBM 360/65 1968- c.1 MHz    
4 IBM 370/165 1973- 12.5 MHz 3 MB  
5 PDP-11/05 1974-81 100kHz 16kB  
  PDP-11/15        
  Perkin-Elmer 7/32        
6 Cray-1S 1978-83 2x 120 MHz 4 MB 480 (115kW per unit)
7 GEC 4000 cluster c.1975-      
8 NAS 7000 1981-88 100 MHz 8 MB, later 16 MB  
9a FPS 164 1984-89 11 MHz 4 MB 11
9b FPS 264 1984-89 11 MHz 4 MB 22
  Concurrent 3230 (formerly Perkin-Elmer) 1985- 2x 4 MHz LSI CPU    
10a Meiko M10 1986-89      
10b Meiko M60 1990-93 14x T800 transputers and 10x i860 co-processors   560
11 Convex C220 1988-94 2x 25 MHz custom CMOS CPU 256 MB 72
12 Intel iPSC/2 1988-94 32x 4 MHz 80386/7, Weitek 1167 and AMD VX co-processors 160 MB 212
13 Stardent 1520 1989-94 2x 32 MHz MIPS R3000 32 MB 16
  SGI Power 4D/420 c.1989 4x 32 MHz MIPS R3000   33
14 Intel i860 1990-93 64x 40 MHz 80860. Top500 no. 210 in June 1993 512 MB 2.56 Gflop/s
  Alliant FX/2808 c.1990 8x 80860   320
16 Beowulf cluster 1994-98 32x 450 MHz Pentium III 8 GB  
17 Loki cluster 1999-2003 64x 667 MHz DEC Alpha EV6/7 32 GB  
15 IBM SP-2/3 2000-02 32x 375 MHz Power3    
1 8 Scali cluster 2003-7 64x 1 GHz AMD K7 64 GB  
19a IBM Regatta HPCx phase I 2002-2010 1280x 1.3 GHz Power4. Top500 no. 9 in Nov'2002 1.6 TB 6.66 Tflop/s. 0.015 Gflop/s/W
19b IBM Regatta HPCx phase II   1600x 1.7 GHz Power4+.    
19c IBM Regatta HPCx phase III        
19d IBM Regatta HPCx phase IV        
20 NW-GRID 2005-12 384x 2.6 GHz Opteron    
21 BlueGene/L -2011      
22 Hapu        
23 Woodcrest   32 Woodcrest    
24 BlueGene/P -2012      
25 CSEHT   32 Harpertown    
25a nVidia   Nehalem+Tesla GPU    
26 Fujitsu        
27 IBM iDataPlex (SID) 2011-present 480x 2.67 GHz Westmere 960 GB  
28 IBM iDataPlex (Blue Wonder) 2012-present 8,192 Sandybridge. Top500 no. 114 in June 2012   170 Tflop/s. 1 Gflop/s/W
29 BlueGene/Q (Blue Joule) 2012-present 114,688 1.6 GHz BGC. Top500 no. 13 in June 2012   1.46 Pflop/s. 2.55 Gflop/s/W

* Rpeak MFlop/s quoted for 64-bit arithmetic where possible.

For a history of parallel computing with a general timeline see [47].

Some other events since 1980. (source Google Groups Usenet Timelinehttp://www.good-stuff.co.uk/useful/google_usenet_timeline.php).

May 1981 - first mention of Microsoft
May 1981 - first mention of MS-DOS
Aug'1981 - first review of an IBM PC
Apr'1982 - first mention of Sun Microsystems
Jun'1982 - first mention of a compact disc
Aug'1982 - first mention of the Commodore 64
Aug'1982 - first mention of Apple's Lisa and Macintosh products
Dec'1982 - announcement of first cell phone deployment in Chicago
Feb'1983 - first mention of a Fax machine
Sep'1983 - Richard Stallman's announcement of GNU
Nov'1983 - first mention of Microsoft Windows
Aug'1984 - first mention of the Commodore Amiga
Jul'1986 - first mention of Cisco
Mar'1988 - first mention of the term ``search engine''
Nov'1988 - first warning about the Morris Internet Worm
Feb'1989 - first mention of Internet Relay Chat (IRC)
Aug'1991 - Tim Berners-Lee's announcement of the World Wide Web project
Sep'1991 -announcement of Internet Gopher
Oct'1991 - Linus Torvalds' Linux announcement
Mar'1993 - Marc Andreessen's Mosaic announcement
Jun'1994 - Announcement of WebCrawler launch
Oct'1994 - Marc Andreessen's Netscape announcement
Dec'1994 - early mentions of Yahoo! and Lycos
Sep'1995 - eBay founder Pierre Omidyar advertises new auctioning service
Dec'1995 - announcement of AltaVista launch
Mar'1998 - first mention of Google
May'1998 - first mention of Mac OSX

Rob Allan 2016-09-20